Secrets of Vedic Electional Astrology

Vedic Electional (Muhurtha) astrology is proven test of time for the last 5 millenniums. Only propitiations & Electional branch of astrology has been dealt in Vedas. Other branches were developed by exponents latter on. This branch has predictive, prescriptive & preventive features.

Location: India

The author is a mechanical engineer & is at present working as Director under Ministry of Commerce, Government of India. He has served over 33 years in the Government & has expertise in quality management in engineering field, & is a qualified quality assessor. He has invented ten engineering items, & obtained Indian Patents for seven items. He has written a compendium on Vedic electional astrology titled “ Hindu Electional Astrology “. The book deals with the subject in three parts : principles of elections, prescriptions & data base. For details may log on to web site He has also written a book tiled “Gauging Practice for Ten Degrees Modified Screw Threads”, which is a pioneering effort in the field. He has delivered lectures in a numbers of national seminars on engineering issues. He has studied astrology for over three decades as a hobby & is admirer of the wealth of knowledge blessed by Sages & exponents in the fields of spiritualism & astrology.

Thursday, July 20, 2006

Phonetical astrology (as derived from Swar Shaastra) – its significance in electional astrology

Phonetic / phonetical Astrology (as derived from Swar Shaastra) – its significance in Electional Astrology - as derived from Hindu/ Vedic system of Electional Astrology
---- by V K Shridhar

Hindu Sages had mastered the knowledge of breathing and speech, and have disseminated in the form of " SWAR SHAASTRA"; which has vast application ranging from health maintenance through Yogas, independent mode of divination, enchantment & captivation of living beings, war-sports-gamble-declamation contests, and fundamentally for spiritual advancement. Application of this highly secrect knowledge in electional astrology has been disccused herein for delight & benfit of all.

Swar Shaastra – is a unique oriental knowledge based on breathing and speech. Sound is one of the most effective energies playing leading role in interpersonal and spiritual development. The exponents of Hindu / Indian astrology had mastered this knowledge since Vedic era and had gifted numerous treatises (like -Shiv Swarodaya, Samarsaar, Narpatijacharya, seven Yamalaas; in addition to numerous treatises on Yoga) on this subject, which are still kept highly secret. It has been held that for maximum possible success in a venture, assistance from harmonious sound is essential.

As opined by exponents of Hindu Electional Astrology, electional astrology is not merely selecting a suitable moment through astrology, but ensuring that harmonious / beneficial environment prevails through incantation of holy sound / Mantras and the aspirant has the right mode of breathing to attain highest possible success in the venture. This highly developed branch of knowledge has fundamental role in spiritual evolution of human being through various mode of breathing (Pranayam & Yogas), incantation of Mantras, astrology and fine art of music. Its derived applications in astrology are found in the following :

a) Suitable time for initiation of life (and also day-today) activities based on name of person.
b) Judging compatibility among persons;
c) Using suitable style of breathing while initiation of specific activity.
d) Horary astrology; in providing vital assistance in clinching the issue , independent mode to decipher future.
e) Selection of breathing mode for health maintenance and removal of illness.
f) Enchantment & captivation of persons etc.

Swar Shaastra ( loosely translated as Phonetical / phonetic astrology) is a subject in itself and its application in electional astrology is very very briefly given for delight and benefit of aspirants.
Most of the practising electional astrologers following the Vedic system of electional astrology have observed that dictums of Swar Shaastra are more efficacious than omens.

There are three modes of breathing, viz, flow from left nostril, flow from right nostril & flow from both the nostrils. The last mode is generally for a short duration when breathing switches from left to right & vice versa. Mode of breathing can be checked by examining air flow while exhaling. When breath is flowing from both the nostrils, the time is beneficial for worshipping & devotional activities only; all other activities must not be then initiated. Following are some of the specific activities which should be initiated when left or right nostrils are active. Some activities are listed under both the modes, which the aspirant may select based on the functional / piousness of the activity. In general for pious activities are initiated during currency of left nostril.

Activities recommended during running of left nostril:

It is beneficial / auspicious in long distance travels; charity; donation; wearing of clothes and ornaments; treaty & agreement; installation of God’s idol; practicing Yoga; oblation of fire for peace; worshipping; marriage; administering of medicine, treating of difficult illness, removing poison; starting of education-singing-dancing-playing musical instruments; discussion on dance - drama; stationary & fixed works; entering into house - city – village; coronation, seeing king (high official, master, employer); sweet & friendly activities, making friends; auspicious deeds; teachings; initiation of Mantras; leaning of futurity knowledge; collection of domestic items - wealth & grains; starting of water tank-pond-well; peaceful & developmental works; trade (give & take by the hand presenting the mode of breathing); agriculture works, sowing seeds, buying agricultural land.

Activities recommended during running of right nostril:

Currency of breathing through right nostril is auspicious / beneficial for performing accurate & difficult works; writing alphabets; learning and practicing use of arms and weapons; destruction of enemy war, attack, encounter; enmity; inflicting punishment; breaking / splitting; gambling; bathing; taking food; sleeping; sex, visiting women & prostitutes, enchanting females, attracting others; creating fear, cruel works; short distance travel; entry into house; boarding ship / big boat; drinking intoxicants, administration of poison, removal of poison; usage of Mantras; study of holy books; study & teaching of difficult & destructive branches of knowledge climbing mountains & forts; riding on horse / elephant and transports; physical exercise; sale of animals; crossing pond-river; taking medicine; giving donations; sale-purchase; grinding of bricks-stones-wood-metals; conduction of ‘Six-Works ( Shat Karamas)’: beating, charming, hindering, enmity, vexing & subduing.

Note :
1) One must change mode of breathing suitably at the time of initiating specific desired activity.
2) When left nostril is working, body gets cooled; while right nostril is working, the body gets heated up.

Monday, May 22, 2006

Book Review on ELECTIONAL ASTROLOGY by V. E. Robson

Book Review on Electional Astrology by Vivian E. Robson

The famous book titled " Electional Astrology" by Vivian E. Robson (1890- 1942) is claimed by the author to be the first book on Western electional astrology, & said to have been compiled both the then ancient as well as modern information on the subject. Poverty of knowledge of the author on the subject is abundantly reflected.

The book is widely advertised on the various websites & free down load facility is provided through & other sites. Some websites are selling the book for about $ 20.

The author of the book opines that electional astrology “starts from the point at which Horary astrology finishes and works back to the point at which the latter begins.” It has deep rooted repercussions in the thought process of Western electional astrology, as the present day Western astrologers have since towed this line, which perhaps has never been intended by ancient astrologers. In Hindu / Vedic astrology, Horary astrology is distinct from electional astrology having different set of rules, principles & significations.

The author has given useful hints when the Moon should be considered week & afflicted in elections. He opines that combust Moon (within 12 degrees from the Sun) should be avoided. He is correct, but it is contrary to the opinion of William Lilly, who opines that “cazimi” Moon is wondrously strong.

About Lunar Mansions, he has stated that “exact astrological significance of lunar mansions & methods of using them have been almost entirely lost, and there is need for research in this matter", yet he has surfacially touched the matter for sake of completeness in giving references in his book. His lack of knowledge about the Lunar Mansions is painfully felt. He has given reference of some Indian astrologers in this chapter, but has not made any effort to study the Hindu system in depth, as the latter electional astrology is fundamentally based on lunar mansions. This reflects author’s depth of knowledge about the different systems of astrology using lunar mansions. Uasges ofr different lunar mansions is nothing but flight of imagination.

About planetary hours, he has given a new concept inventing to divide time between Sunrise to Sunset in 12 parts & similarly divide Sunset time to following Sunrise time in 12 parts. He opines that this planetary hours be used in “supplementary way”. How come that he has taken the concept of planetary hours from Hindu system, but is proposing it to use in a different mode, perhaps without checking veracity & usefulness of its usage. On the contrary in Hindu system of electional astrology, detailed guidelines are existing in usages of planetary hours( called Hora, in numerous treatises).

Robson has expressed following opinions which the learned electional astrologers following the Western system shall find to be raw & incomplete :

a) The author opines that radical “ascendant should be upon 12th, 11th or 10th house of the elcctional map rather upon 2nd, 3rd or 4th:” – How many astrologers shall agree with this? (Refer page 6 – Radical elections)

b) Further he opines that cusps of Midheaven (in addition to the ascendant) has a major bearing on the election event – without reference to the event under consideration in the election. How come electional M.C & its ruler have been given importance comparable to electional ascendant, is not known. Reader shall find this direction applicable to the matters related to the 10th house & not in all other cases. (Refer page 8 of the book)

c) The author also opines that afflicted lord of the election ascendant may be placed in trine or sextile to the rising degrees.

d) The ascendant & the Moon in long ascension signs is considered to cause speed & success whereas in short ascension signs conduce to hindrances & difficulties.

e) The Moon in the ascendant is very unfavorable for almost everything, unless it is strong by sign & very well aspected.

f) The Moon’s North node is favorable & benefic, while its South node is unfavorable. & malefic in nature. This general rule is certainly contrary to the Hindu system of electional astrology.

The above observations are made on the general rules & principles of electional astrology opined by Vivian E Robson in his said book. Comments on specific rules about specific elections shall be dealt in another article / blog
V K Shridhar is author of book titled "Hindu Electional Astrology"
for details please log on to

or e-mail to the author at

Tuesday, May 16, 2006



Some of the subtleties of Hindu & Western electional astrology shall reveal how the latter is in infant stage, yet claimed of its originality & effectiveness in guidance to the modern aspirants.

Astrological wisdom is found in Vedic literature, where evolution of mankind in respect of physical, mental & spiritual spheres has been disseminated in various modes. Vedas extensively deals with propitiation & electional wisdom. In fact horoscopic astrology has been derived much later in the Hindu system.

Birth of a person is not in his control, but certainly his Karmas. The Vedic literature dilates on the various modes of propitiations to ward off evil effects of planets at birth and also during adverse transits.

Another most useful guidance is blessed is in the form of electional wisdom, rendering advice to the aspirants to initiate a life activity at the most appropriate time to enable him achieve highest possible success (Siddhi). In addition to Vedic dictums, Sage Vasist in his treatise “Vasist Samhita” written about 5000 BCE, has blessed us with exhaustive details on electional astrology. This is the first book on Hindu / Vedic system of electional astrology. In addition to electional prescriptions in respect of Hindu rite (Samskaras), electional usage are also prescribed for worldly activities. This treatise also dilates on propitiations during initiation of electional activity to annihilate evil effects of planets etc.

On contrary in the Western system of electional astrology is of recent origin. Vivian E. Robson has claimed to have written first book on Western electional astrology. There is no known book specifically on electional astrology in the recent ancient history of Western astrology. The latter system covers mainly the present day worldly activities. This book as well as subsequently written books deal only with present day worldly activities only. Exponents of the Hindu system of electional astrology had mastered the branch as a special subject and have gifted a vast number of exclusive treatises on this most useful branch of astrology.

Exhautive rules & prescriptions are available in Hindu system which are distinct from horoscopic astrology or mundane astrology. But Western system in based on Horary astrology. Readers are well aware that horary astrology, a branch of Hindu system of astrology, was first gifted to this world by Hindu Sages. Both the system are based on fundamentals of astrology, but dependance only on Horary astrology in the Western system of electional astrology shall certainly have inherent lacune; & the readers can themselves come to the inference. Hindu system opines that delineations based on horary has time limit (say up to seven years) to foresee the effects, but effects of election performed are permanent.

Hindu electional astrology which is fundamentally based on Lunar mansions. While in Western system, emphasis in given on fortification of electional chart and event significator. In agreement to this, the Hindu system believes that election chart is body, the Moon is mind, the Sun is soul of the election; and a composite & holistic view is considered. Significant importance is given to the five elements of Hindu Panchang (ephemeris). Lunar mansions are now very rarely used in electional astrology by the Western astrologers without referring to their inherent nature & effects.

Western system has taken some of the core concepts of its electional principles like Hora (24 divisions of daytime) & Tithi (Lunar day - 30 divisions of Lunar month), but are using the them in the same or in modifies styles. In Hindiu system, Hora divisions start from the local Sunrise time & end with the following Surrise time. Western electional astrologers also follow the 24 divisions in the mode advised by Sage Vasist and as per dictums mentioned in Hindu astronomy books (Siddhanta), but do refuse to accept the original source of information. Similarly the concept of Tithi, is also being used by some, but in various mutilated modes. How come that newly developed Western electional astrology is now selectively using elements of Hindu ephemris & that too in distorted forms; when the exponents of Hindu electional astrology have been using them since the Vedic era & the same has proven the test of time.

Hindu system have unique mode to balance the electional chart by “antidotes”, for which enough guidelines are available in numours treatises.

In both the systems, nativity, planetary strength & planetary conditions as per their own systems; at the time of initiation of an activity are taken into account. In Western system radical twelfth house is considered as the worst while in Hindu system eighth house from radical ascendant as well as radical Moon is prohibited. Via Combusta, cazimi, Part of Fortune, Void Moon, the Moon’s applying & separating aspects; are some of features in Western electional astrology which are not considered in Hindu system of electional astrology.

One of the subtle difference is that William Lilly opines cazimi (meaning "in the heart of the Sun"- a planet that forms a conjunction with the Sun within its 17 minutes of longitude ) planets to be “wondrous strong” and followers may thus select cazimi Moon (Solar eclipse period) in good elections; but as per Hindu election system, it is shunned in all good elections & has no remedy. Cazimi Jupiter similarly may be selected in elections following principles of Western electional astrology, but is certainly prohibited in auspicious elections & rituals (like marriage, tonsure, wearing of sacred thread, start of education etc.) in the Hindu electional system, and it has no 'antidote'.

Followers of the Western electional astrology must have their own experiences in using such cazimi Moon, Jupiter & other planets, & the results must be before them, which shall indeed be nothing but fatal elections.

Exponents of Hindu electional astrology were specialists in the branch & had written books only on the specific subject, while now-a-days astrologers claim specialisation in plurality of branches of astrology, a phenomenon not found in any other field of knowledge .

In a blog of this size, it is not possible to discuss all the differences in the two systems. Learned astrologers may have their own conclusions about the efficacy of the two systems & the depth of information available in the two systems.

Monday, January 23, 2006


---- V K Shridhar

Western astrology is – horary or electional – provides a little knowledge about the activities which shall fructify on specific weekdays with logic. Extract from “Hindu Electional Astrology” is here for the benefit of the aspirants.

A work gets easily accomplished on a weekday when its lord is strong; but when he is emaciated then, even after extra efforts & facing discomforts, the work does not fructify- Sage Narad.
Names of the weekdays are based on many astrological factors in which influence of the planet ruling day is predominant. They are named after ruling planet of the day in Hindu astrology. It is said that the world started on Sunday. Thus week of seven days starts from Sunday who has been assigned as number 1, and in the order Saturday’s number is 7. Sunday to Saturday are ruled by the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, Saturn in order.

In Hindu system, a weekday starts from the local Sunrise & ends at the following Sunrise, which is distinct from the Gorgian calendar in which a weekday along with date starts at expiry of 1200 a.m. of the Zonal Standard Time. Seven days a week system is prevalent throughout the world. Weekdays are given due importance in selection of election as the desired work which easily gets fructified (Siddhi) when its day lord is strong, the same work does not get fructified when day lord is weak / powerless, even after extra efforts & facing of discomforts. To fortify election, a strong day lord (planet) should be properly placed in the election chart.


Based on nature & signification of the weekday, day lord (ruling planet), tutelary lord and other electional considerations following works (& works related to the mentioned items) are recommended for conduction & initiation in different weekdays. It is opined that on Monday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday all types of works fructify; while on Sunday, Tuesday & Saturday only prescribed activities fructify.

SUNDAY: Coronation, service to the government / king, king worship, fire, fire related works, weapon making & usage, war, bravery, service & employment, travel, thief, doctor, transaction of medicine, purchase of cows, bullocks & animals, gold-silver-copper-wood-works, bones-skin-hides, auspicious (Manglik) works, Yagya, teaching Mantras (Agni Mantras), religious discourse, music learning, woolen clothes, wearing of new clothes, mountain, stones, dessert, forest, trees, usage of forest items, snake, animal rearing & husbandry, food grain, trade.

MONDAY: Agriculture, farming, gardening, fragrant trees, lotus & flowers, milk, food, food-grains, sugar, sugarcane, raw sugar / molasses, Yagya, ornament making & wearing, silver, deer, sale & purchase of cows - buffaloes, gems-pearl & shells, conch-shell, singing & dancing- starting thereof, water related works, popular works, movable works, starting of education, night movements, benefit to mother’s brother, Brahmins, article causing phlegm, clothes, female related works, king, road.

TUESDAY: Killing, arresting, inciting insurgency, cruel works, piercing, army commanding, treaty, backing off treaty / agreement, fort, igniting fire, weapon, storing of war material, poison, lying, deception, thief, thievery, coral, gold related works & collection thereof, metal work, forest, night worker, doctor, ascetic / religious mendicant, treasurer, business of catching snakes, animal, trees with red coloured flowers, red colour items, works related to blood.

WEDNESDAY: Fine arts, literature-music- dancing & starting thereof; poetry, sculpturing, all type of art, theater, education, writing, learning of Vedas, idol making, Mantra Kriya, meritorious works, marriage, friendship, starting of fast, holy bathing, trade, clever works, ordinary works, science, metal work, war, argument, intelligence, skill, ingenuity, messenger, physical exercise, collection of articles, juices & food grains, green sapphire, earth, clothes, fragrant articles, works which end fast - works which take long time – works which finish in the middle.

THURSDAY : Auspicious (Manglik) works, Yagya, Havan, worshipping, peaceful religious works, fast, oblation to the deads (Pitri Sharadh) , temple, installing of idol, Alankaar, education, knowledge related works, learning in general, Shaastras, truthful works, wearing new clothes & trading thereof, ornaments, starting living in house, doctor, medicine, trading in medicine, physical works, health related works, physical works, development & expanding works, king, wealth, trees, gold, silver, elephant, horse, bullock, transport, travel.

FRIDAY: Good for starting dance, music, singing painting; luxurious works, festivals, wearing new clothes & ornaments, friendship, worshipping sex God (Kamdev), females, passionate women, sex, passion, prostitutes, beds, increase in semen, fragrance, comedy, laughter, cows, trade related to food grain & agriculture, farming, selling & purchase of land, sugar cane, juicy foods, gems, gold, silver, coffer, transport, lotus, earth, medicine.

SATURDAY : Entering into new house & city, trading with deceit & forgery, telling lies, dreadful deeds, insurgency, works related to obstruction, trading of arms & ammunition, poisoning, bereft of courtesy, usage of iron & steel, arm & armory, dead, servant, debased person, old persons, thief, buffalo, camel, birds, trapping of elephant, stable works, profession related to capturing, collection of houses, departure, broken utensils, glass, stones, learning secret Mantras from Guru (Deeksha), service.

According to Sage Narad, Acharya Garga, Ramdeen, & host of other exponents it is opined that it is beneficial & augurs fortunate effects to initiate & conduct works related to iron on Saturdays. With this the learned readers may help remove doubts / superstition in certain parts of the country that purchase or sale of iron items, & doing works related to iron (steel) on Saturdays is inauspicious.***


Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus & Saturn in order are the rulers of the weekdays. Depending upon the inherent natures of the ruling planets, Monday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday are auspicious, benefic & good days; while Sunday, Tuesday & Saturday in general are malefic & cruel days. Tuesday & Saturday are maximum malefic, while Sunday is partially malefic. Auspicious & Manglik works are done on benefic days; while cruel, sinful (Paap Karamas), unethical works in general; & the specified works are done on Saturday, Tuesday & Sunday. Some benefic works also fructify on malefic days depending upon the nature of the work & special dictums regarding Muhurt. There is no very tight demarcation of the allocated works for the weekdays, and the day is selected based on the type of work, planet signifying the work, time of starting & host of other factors related to the weekday.

Nature of Sunday is fixed / stationary; of Monday is movable; of Tuesday is cruel; of Wednesday is mixed / ordinary; of Thursday is small / short; of Friday is sweet; & of Saturday is sharp / horrible. When constellation (occupied by the Moon) & day lord are of same nature then, the combined efficacy increases many folds – like when asterisms of Rohini & 3 Uttras coincide on a Sunday; fixed / stationary types of works fructify.

Thursday, Friday & Sunday are effective during daytime; Monday, Tuesday & Saturday are effective during night-time while Mercury is effective both during daytime & night-time.

Malefic effect of Sunday, Tuesday & Saturday does not exist after mid-day. Some opine that “Vaar Dosha”(evil effects of weekday) does not prevail during night (Acharya Chandeshwar).

According to Ratankosh & others, there exists Disha Shula (prohibited directions of travelling on weekdays) on weekdays. But this Dosha does not exist during night-time on Thursday, Friday & Sunday; during daytime on Monday, Tuesday & Saturday. But on Wednesday this Dosha exists both during daytime & night-time. However the relaxation should be applied in emergency only with safeguards.

Colour of the work: Consistent with the colour of the ruling planet of the day, it is beneficial to conduct work with that colour on the weekday ruled by the planet (N.S-5/14) .The Sun’s colour is red mixed with black or blood red; Moon’s - white; Mars’ - pale red; Mercury’s - grass green; Jupiter’s - yellow; Venus’s - swarthy (dark skin) & Saturn’s - black. Wearing of the clothes of the above stated colours during planets’ weekdays is beneficial to the user. Aspirant may also use colours ruled by the rulers of the weekdays. As per Hora Makaranda, copper-red, white, ultra red, blue, ultra yellow, variegated (mixed, spotted) & black are the colours ruled by the planets from the Sun to Saturn. However as per Jyotisaar, for travel purposes, aspirant may wear clothes of blue colour on Sunday; of mixed colour on Monday; of red on Tuesday; yellow on Wednesday; white on Thursday & Friday; & of black colour on Saturday, to propitiate the day-lord & achieve all success (Sarvasiddhi).
Like for election of white washing / painting of a house certain criteria have been laid down. Meeting those requirements, the colour of the white washing / painting if done in yellow on Thursday or in green shade on Wednesday, enhances the beneficence. Similar guidance is taken in respect of other usages of the colours. Saturday is not recommended to sow seeds, but is considered fruitful to sow seeds of black grains, more profitable if Saturn is in the rising sign.

Shiva, Parvati, Ganesh, Vishnu, Brahma, Indra & Yama are tutelary lords of the weekdays in the order. Each day has Adhi Devta (superior lords) also, which are Agni, Jal, Bhumi, Hari, Indra, Indrani & Brahma. Desired results are obtained by worshipping (Smaran) tutelary lords & Adhi Devatas on their weekdays.

Based on nature & signification of the weekday, day lord, tutelary lord and other electional considerations following works (& works related to the mentioned items) are recommended for conduction & initiation in different weekdays. It is opined that on Monday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday all types of works fructify; while on Sunday, Tuesday & Saturday only prescribed activities fructify.
If on a Sunday the Sun is strong, it is extremely beneficial to see king & do works related to king (in the modern context – works related to administration & government is beneficial). If the Moon is strong on a Monday then all types of the works fructify. Similarly on Tuesday - war; Wednesday - education (study of Shaastras); Thursday - marriage; Friday - travel & on Saturday receiving initiatory Mantras of Yagya (a ceremony in which oblations are offered) are beneficial.

According to Brihat Jaatak (104/61-63) works allocated to the weekday gets fruition when conducted on the same weekday & when either of the following also coincides:

a) day lord is in Upchaya (3,6,10,11) signs from J.R.
b) day lord is in the election ascendant.
c) sign ruled by the day lord is rising, or
d) day lord is in angle.

The Acharya has stressed that on non- compliance to the above, aspirant may not get any fruitful result; like as one does not get a drop of water even after going to the sea.

Thus accordingly, if an aspirant wants to start education, he may choose auspicious day as Thursday. Better if he selects Hora of Thursday, and the ruling planet of the day Jupiter is in the rising sign. To further fortify the election, he may select Sagittarius or Pisces as the rising sign; and if either of these signs are 3, 6, 10 or 11th sign from his radical ascendant or from the natal Moon sign ; the election shall be extremely fortified. To find such highly beneficial election one may have to wait for a long time. Readers may refer to chapter 13 on Purification of Ascendant, for fortification of election.

The day when the Moon is weak, or Mars or Saturn is retrograde, is not auspicious. But if such a day lord is in 11th in the election chart, then the said Dosha does not prevail, & benefic results are felt. A day is inauspicious, when the day lord is set or afflicted (Brihat Daivygya Ranjan). That day whose lord is retrograde, causes destruction in many ways if used in election of travel.

Acharya Shripati opines that if the day-lord is in Upchaya (3,6,10,11) houses from the election ascendant, the work fructifies. And if it is not in the said Upchaya houses then, it does not fructify even after efforts (Brihat Daivygya Ranjan). Here the opinion is different (ascendant instead of natal Moon sign) from that advised by Acharya Varah Mihir. (But nevertheless worth considering as an alternative)


The extract for the article is taken from “Hindu Electional Astrology” – a compendium on Vedic Election (Muhurt) astrology
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Wednesday, January 18, 2006



In Vedic / Hindu Electional Astrology considerable importance has been emphasized to shun universally prohibited durations. Junctional Point (Sandhi Kaal) is one of dreadful prohibited period which cause weak link in the election chart resulting in high certainty in failure of the activity started during the said period. Currency of plurality of the Junctional Points in election must be avoided as severity of adverse effects increases many folds.


Junctional Points means intermingling periods or junctions of astrological elements. When one astrological element is completed, & second similar element starts, there is a junction point in-between them, called Junctional Point (Sandhi Kaal / Gandanta). Like a day is divided in two parts – day & night, constituting Dina Sandhi; as evening twilight (junction between daytime & night-time), & morning twilight (junction point of night-time & daytime). Similarly mid-day & mid-night also form Sandhi Kaal, in respect of junctional points with reference to day & night. Sandhi Kaals are considered in respect of junctions of years, solstices, seasons (Ritu), lunar & solar months, Bright Half & Dark Half, Tithis, groups of Tithis, constellations, Yogas, Karans, day-night, sign (ascendant), navamshas.

However three Sandhi Kaals viz., constellation, ascendant & Tithi are called Nakshatra Gandanta, Lagna Gandanta & Tithi Gandanta, are given high consideration in order. Nakshatra Gandanta being the most malefic in nature.

Junction points of houses, in house division charts are also considered week points in nativity, & the planets placed therein are considered powerless. Likewise such junction points & areas, or their converted lengths of time are prohibited durations, which must be shunned with efforts. The best of the Sages have unanimously agreed that a birth in Nakshatra Gandanta is inauspicious which needs propitiation. Some junction points are reserved for “Punya Kaal” in which charity if done bestows Punyas. Such times are suitable for Japa, Tapa, Daana, Sanaana, Yagya & Homa, & not for auspicious elections.

Birth in Nakshatra, Tithi & Lagna Gandanta respectively destroy mother, father & self; hence must be shunned (Sage Garg). Birth in Gandanta occurring at daytime destroys father; at night-time mother; & at either of the twilights destroys self (Acharya Lalla). Marriage held in the Gandanta causes death; on taking birth destroys family, on undertaking journey completely destructs (Sarvanash) the traveller or his aim; & also destructs any other work undertaken in the Gandanta period (Fal Pradeep).

Effect on activities initiated in junction points are: in year, Ayana, season, Maas - results in poverty; Tithi - distress; Nakshatra - destruction of son / fear; eclipse - destruction of every thing (Sarvanaash). If marriage is held in month end then, the bridegroom dies; during end of Tithi - there shall be deficiency of son; end of asterism - death of a spouse; during Bhadra – death of couple. Sage Narad opines that the three Gandanta & three junctions are very fearful. Marriage, travel & birth in these results in death.

When Gandanta & Sandhi Kaal combine together, maleficence become many folds, like Nakshatra Gandanta coinciding with twilight at birth makes the native full of diseases & faces early extinction (Hora Ratan). Obviously when two Gandantas coincide, maleficence shall be extremely detrimental. Like last navamsha of Pisces which covers Nakshatra & Lagna Gandanta; is not recommended for marriage election even when navamsha is vargottama.


YEALY JUNCTIONS - SAMVAT SANDHI : First 4 days of Chaitra lunar month from which Vikrami Samvat starts and also the last 4 days of Falguni are Samvat Sandhi Kaal. In certain places the year starts at different time which may be followed as Samvat Gandanta. (However first 9 nights of Chaitra (Bright Half) are covered in Vasant Navratris, which are considered as very auspicious).
According to Vasist Samhita, the year is reckoned on the basis of the Sun, the Moon & Jupiter. Three days in the beginning & end of these years should be left in all the elections. Sage Brihaspati agrees as by accumulation of Doshas the said period becomes like poison, however the year should be reckoned as per the local customs.

SOLSTICE JUNCTIONS - AYANA SANDHI : First 16 hours (40 Ghatis) of Uttrayana (Sun’s northerly course) i.e., from ingress of the Sun in Capricorn, and first 6h 24m (16 Ghatis) of Dakshinayana (Sun’s southerly course) i.e., ingress of the Sun in Cancer sign are called Ayana (solstice) Sandhi Kaal. As discussed earlier readers may follow Tropical system instead of Sidereal system for starting of solstices.

SEASONAL JUNCTIONS - RITU SANDHI : As per Muhurt Martanda, 26h 24m (66 Ghatis) around mid point of two Ritus (seasons) i.e., 13h 12m at the end of a season & 13h 12m at the start of the following season is Ritu Sandhi Kaal. Each of the six seasons cover two solar months. Vasant - spring (Pisces & Aries); Grishama - summer (Taurus & Gemini); Varsha - rainy (Cancer & Leo); Sharad - autumn (Virgo & Libra); Hemanta - winter (Scorpio & Sagittarius) & Shishir - dewy (Capricorn & Aquarius) are the six seasons. However as per Jyotir Vidabharnam. the duration is of two days (120 Ghatis) instead of 26h 24m (66 Ghatis). For this also Tropical system may be followed. Junction point between Vasant & Grishama, shall be junction point of Aries & Taurus; & the like in other seasons.
MONTHLY JUNCTIOINS - MAAS SANDHI : Last half Tithi (30th of the New Moon) & following first half Tithi of Bright Half i.e., the last half Tithi of a Lunar month, and first half Tithi of the following month is Maas Sandhi. Similarly aspirants may also consider Solar Sankranti i.e., 6 hours 24 minutes (16 Ghatis) before & the same time after the Sun’s ingress into a zodiac sign as solar Maas Sandhi. However no such reference has been made, but solar ingress is called Sankranti (having Punya Kaal) & ending part as Agni Baana Dosha: both are recognisable prohibited periods in elections.

LUNAR DAY JUNCTIOINS - TITHI GANDANTA : Last 24 minutes (one Ghati) of each of the Poorna Tithis (5th, 10th & 15th) and beginning 24 minutes (one Ghati) of each of the Nanda Tithis (1st, 6th & 11th) cause Tithi Gandanta .That means 48 minutes of mid point zone of 5th & 6th, 10th & 11th, & 15th & 1st Tithis are the Tithi Gandanta. Sage Narad also agrees with this general opinion.
As per Poorva Kaalamrit (3/49), 48 minutes instead of above said 24 minutes constitutes Tithi Gandanta, to which Sage Kashyap agrees.
In addition to the above Muhurt Ganp[ati (8/33) has opined that mid points between 9th - 10th, 5th - 6th, 4th - 5th Tithis have Gandanta of duration in order as 2, 1, 0.5 Ghatis.
The three Gandantas viz., Tithi, Nakshatra & ascendant, inflict death (severest problems) in travel, birth, marriage & fast (Vrata), & should be left in election.
It has not been specifically stated that Tithi Gandanta also exists at mid point between 30th – 1st Tithis, which are Poorna & Nanda Tithis. Rather this has been left, perhaps because this junction point has been separately covered in Maas Sandhi.. It is opined that the said duration of 48 minutes is very highly malefic as this duration has Maas Sandhi & Paksha Sandhi in addition that the Moon is combust also. This duration may be given status of Tithi Gandanta of the most malefic nature.
Tithi Gandanta means that the Moon should not be in exact conjunction, sextile, trine or opposition to the Sun in good election. Their aspectal orb should be beyond ± 12¢ (app. equivalent to ± 24 minutes of time) in the above aspects.
CONSTELLATION JUNCTIONS - NAKASHATRA GANDANTA : Among the three Gandantas highest priority is given to Nakshatra Gandanta. The last 48 minutes (2 Ghatis) of each of the Revati, Ashlesha & Jyeshta, & the first 48 minutes (2 Ghatis) each of Ashvani, Magha & Moola are Nakshtra Gandanta. These are the junction points of each triad of constellations. Kaal Prakashika (3/48) recommend that Nakshatra Gandanta of the above said duration is highly malefic, while ending 96 minutes & beginning 96 minutes of the said triads are of mild nature.

Junction of the three said pairs of the constellations is also called Abhukta Moola by Sage Vasist, Pitahma & Saunak. Acharya Baala Bhadra also states that Sandhi (Junction) exists in the last 24 minutes (one Ghati) of Anuradha & first 48 minutes (2 Ghatis) of Jyeshta, which should also be considered as Sandhi Kaal (junction) - (Hora Ratan- 2/196).

For Abhukta Moola different lengths have been given which are applicable to birth of native & remedies. Sage Narad & Kashyap schools of thought prescribe this time as 1h 36m (4 Ghatis) ending & 1h 36m (4 Ghatis) starting of the said constellations. According to Sage Vasist the last 24 minutes of Jyeshta & beginning 48 minutes of Moola is Abhukta Moola. While Sage Brihaspati commends this time as last 24 minutes & beginning 24 minutes of the said constellation. The total duration prescribed is one Pahar (1/8th part of diurnal time). While Pitahma opines that both the 1/16th concluding & starting parts of the said constellations be taken as Abhukta Moola length, which is not always 90 minutes each. Advice of Sage Narad & Kashyap is generally accepted & the recommended period is considered as the most malefic (Maha Dushta).

Extensive ritual & remedies have been prescribed in most of the treatises to ward off evil effects of Abhukta Moola. Donations prescribed in Jyotirnibandh are, an ox for Tithi Gandanta, a cow for Nakshatra Gandanta, & gold for Rashi Gandanta. Vasist Samhita advises that three cows may be given in charity. In case of restraint, two cows, or a single cow may be given in charity.

Following provide counter to the evil of Gandantas:
a) The Gandanta Dosha due to Moola, Ashlesha & Revati will not be active if the ascendant lord is unaspected by the Moon who should be with a weak malefic, & not receiving a benefic aspect - Sage Badarayan ( Hora Ratan -2/21).

b) The Moon having full strength makes Nakshatra & Tithi Gandanta as extinct. And strength of Jupiter eliminates blemishes of Rashi (ascendant) Gandanta - Lord Brahma.

c) A benefic in quadrant or the Moon in 11th house destroys all types of Gandanta - Jyotirnibandh.

d) Strong Moon & Jupiter extinct adverse Yogas, Tithi & ascendant Gandanta. – Muhurt Ganpati.

e) Strong Jupiter removes Dosha due to Lagna Gandanta & strong Moon removes Dosha due to Tithi Gandanta – Shakalya Samhita.
f) If Sunday or Wednesday coincide with Hasta, Chittra, Sawati, Anuradha, Revati, Jyeshta or Moola; or Sunday with Ashvani; effect of all the three Gandanta (Nakshatra, Tithi & Rashi) are nullified - Sage Garga referred in – Hora Ratan (2/20).

g) Sage Vasist opines that Abhijit Muhurt counters evils of any kind of the Gandanta. Muhurt Ganpati. & others agree with this.

h) The Moon in her own Varga, in a friendly sign, in conjunction with or aspected by benefics (Kaal Prakashika).

i) On donation of ox in Tithi Gandanta; cow in Nakshatra Gandanta; & gold in Lagna Gandnata, Gandanta Doshas are removed.

A clue is taken from the opinion of Acharya Baala Bhadra that if during a birth, any of the phenomena viz., Tithi Kshaya, Vyatipaata, Vyaghata, Vishti, Vaidhriti, Shula, Ganda, Parigh, Yamaghanta, Kaaldanda, Mrityu Yoga & Darun Yoga coincide with Nakshatra Gandanta, it will be highly inauspicious for the nativity. The same may well be applied in election, & aspirants may note that the above said & other adverse elements of Muhurt must not coincide. And when two Gandantas are concurrent, they multiply the affliction.

Author agrees with the views of Sage Pitahma to consider 1/16th part of constellation as Abhukta Moola, which is a variable time, based on the actual length of the asterism. All the malefic durations & Vish Ghatis etc. are proportionally arrived at based on the actual length of the element with exception of Gandantas. In-depth study is required to understand this exception.

ASCENDANT JUNCTIONS - LAGNA GANDANTA : Ending 12 minutes time of Cancer, Scorpio & Pisces, and starting 12 minutes of Aries, Leo & Sagittarius as rising sign is called Lagna (ascendant) Gandanta. The total duration of 24 minutes of the junction point shall be the length of the each Gandanta.
In the opinion of some astrologers, the first & the last 2 minutes (5 Vighatis) of each sign (as ascendant) should also be left in election.
If Jupiter is strong then Lagna Gandanta & if the Moon is strong then Tithi Gandanta are powerless (Shakalya Samhita).

DIVISIONAL CHART JUNCTIONS - NAVAMSHA SANDHI : First navamsha of Aries, Leo & Sagittarius signs; and last navamsha of Cancer, Scorpio & Pisces are Gandantamsha. In another opinion the first & the last 24 seconds (one Vighati) of all the navamshas (as rising navamsha) should be left in election.

Last navamsha of the above signs are more malefic. But the last navamsha if Vargottama, can be used in marriage election (Muhurt Chitamani - 6/85). However some Acharyas do not recommend usage of Pisces vargottama navamsha in marriage.
DAY – NIGHT SANDHI : Evening twilight & morning twilight are the junction points of day & night. Their duration is
taken as 1h 12 m (3 Ghatis). Evening twilight is also called Pradosha, prohibited in election.

MID – DAY & MID - NIGHT : As per Muhurt Prakash (2/10) & Muhurt Chitamani (1/32) 4 minutes each, before & after, of mid-day (LNT) & also of mid-night (Mahanisha) are left in election. In another opinion the said duration is of 6 minutes instead of the above said 8 minutes. This is Sandhi of first half & second half of the day; & similarly for the night

EPHEMERAL JUNCTIONS - KARAN & YOGA SANDHI : There is no specific reference of Karan Gandanta, but as per Tithi Gandanta; starting 24 minutes of 1st Bright Half(or Kinstughna Karan) & ending 24 minutes of 30th Dark Half (or Naga Karan) covers this Karan Sandhi also; as portions of the first & the last Karans are prohibited.

Different Views : As per Jyotir Vidabharanam, starting & ending 13m 36s (34 Vighatis) of all the Yogas be left. It is opined that 16m (40 Vighati) starting & ending 16m of all the Tithis; 14m 48s (37 Vighati) starting & ending 14m 48s of all the constellations ; 36 seconds each of start & end of Cancer , Scorpio & Pisces signs be left. (Jyotir Vidabharanam .-12/112). This is in addition to the Sandhi Kaals in respect of year as 8 days (from 12th Dark Half of Falguni to 4th Tithi Bright Half of Chaitra), 8 (4+4) days of the two Ayana (solstice) Sandhis, 2 (1+1) days of Ritu (season) Sandhi, & Maas Sandhi as one day (total) – Jyotir Vidabharanam (4/37). Poporva Kaalamrit (3/54) recommends Sandhi Kaals as 15 days in year Sandhi, 5 days in Maas Sandhi, 90 minutes in day Sandhi, 48 minutes in

Junction points - Gandantas & Sandhis & their durations
Name of Gandanta / Sandhi Junction Point Duration

Year Ending & starting of year / Samvatsar (each) 4 days

Solstice a) Summer solstice (starting ) 16h 24m
b) Winter solstice (starting ) 6h

Season a) Sun’s ingress into the six solar signs 13h 12m
b) Last part of Sun into 6 solar signs 13h 12 m

Solar month Before & after solar ingress into all the 6h 12m
12 Signs ( each time )
Lunar month a) 2nd half of last Tithi of Dark Half 12 h
b) 1st half of first Tithi of Bright Half 12 h

Tithi a) Starting of Nanda Tithis 24m
b) Ending of Poorna Tithis 24 m

Constellation a) Starting of Ashvani, Magha, Moola 48 m
b) Ending of Ashlesha , Jyeshta, Revati 48 m

Yoga a) starting of Vishkumbha Yoga 1 h 12m
b) full length of Vaidhriti Yoga full Yoga

Karan First (Kinstughna ) & last (Naga) full yoga period

Mid - Day / Night Mid-day & Mid night ± 4 m
Day & night a) Morning twilight (before the Sunrise) 1 h 12 m
b) Evening twilight (after the sunset) 1 h 12m
Ascendant a) Beginning of Aries, Leo, Sagitt 12 m
b) Ending of Pisces, Cancer, Scorp. 12 m
Navamsha Starting & ending of each navamsha 24 sec. each
hours (h) / minutes (m) / seconds ( s)

Nakshatra Sandhi, 48 minutes in Yoga Sandhi, 24 minutes in Karan Sandhi; 24 minutes in Lagna Sandhi, 72 minutes in each twilight, 48 minutes in mid-night.
According to Sage Mandavya, 75, 68, 80 Pal before & after as Sandhi of Kaal should be left in case of nakshatra, Tithi & Yoga; 10 Pal before & after of Cancer, Scorpio & Pisces Sandhi Kaal; & for other signs 5 Pal before & after should be left.

Antidotes :
· Gandanta & Sandhi Doshas are destroyed when the Moon is in 11th house.
· According to Sage Kashyap, a benefic planet in angle destroys Doshas due to year, Ayana, season, Paksha, Tithi, nakshatra.
· A strong Moon destroys Tithi Gandanta, & a strong Jupiter destroys Lagna Gandanta.

N.B. Lengths of Sandhi Kaals given hereinafter are fixed & proportional change based on actual length of the element is not required; & no such reference is found to have been made in the treatises, except by Pitahama in respect of Nakshatra Gandanta (Abhukta Moola). There are different modes of start of year & lunar months, as such the Sandhi Kaal as per the local customs may be followed.

V K Shridhar is author of compendium on Vedic Muhurt astrology title “Hindu Electional Astrology”. E-mail :

N . B. : You may freely print this article on your website or in your news letter provided this courtesy notice and the author name & URL remain intact.

Sunday, December 11, 2005


--- by V K Shridhar
Omens play a vital role in execution of elections. Omen seen or heard or even visulised at the initiation of an activity, certainly foretells fate / success of the activity.

Omens & portents (Shakun & Utpaats) is a useful branch of India astrology, which includes interpretation of dreams, status of living & non-living items in the environment, sounds produced by human & animals, portents, mode of pacification of adverse omens & portents. It acts as a guide in horary astrology; to clinch the issue when there is a stalemate. Coming events cast their shadows before & it is the ingenuity & skill of the interpreters to decode omens correctly for their profitable usage in their daily life.


Treatises on omen (Shakun) have commended that omen has the final say in Election. Omens seen at the start of an action does foretell its success. In case adverse omen is seen or heard or even visualized; the activity should not be initiated.

Omen is a wonderful knowledge which acts like a medicine. Vasant Raj in his treatise titled ‘Vasantraj Shakunan’ - an authoritative book on the subject - has opined that when ephemeral elements (Tithi, Nakshatra, election ascendant etc.) are fully auspicious & efficacious (Uttam & Gunyukta), fortified ascendant & strong Moon is present, but there prevails an inauspicious omen (Shakun) then, nothing materializes regarding election.
Some opine that an election clinched only on the basis of an omen, does not have lasting effects. Some has opined that in the matter like making a theft or the like activities, omen is to considered.

The treatises on Hindu / Vedic electional astrology have dilated omens in details in travel elections. On seeing an inauspicious omen, the person should return (not undertake journey), & recite Pranayam (a specific Mantra’s recitation) eleven times & then start the journey. If inauspicious Shakun is again is seen, then he should return & recite Pranayam 16 times & start the journey. And if inauspicious omen is again observed at the third start of the journey, the journey should be abandoned. Best of the sages agree with this, & from this one may infer the importance given to omens in elections.

One must develop faculty of interpretation of omen seen or heard or even visualised at the initiation of an activity, & use it profitably. In case of adverse omen of high potency, execution of an election should be withheld / postponed.

Exponents have laid down rules to interpret omens, examine potency of an omen & timing of event based on omens. This shall be discussed in another blog.

Potency of an omen is examined based on its position with respect from the observer ( front / back / left / right / higher & lower level), position of omen in geographical direction ( East-South-West-North ), time of its observation, motion / speed of the omen, sound produced / heard, expression, place where it is observed.

Here are some items & persons signifying auspicious / favourable & inauspicious / unfavourable omens. The list in no means is exhaustive, but provides adequate information. Omens differ from place to place, country to country & religion to religion.


AUSPICIOUS ITEMS: Following fifty items are auspicious items & seeing them is auspicious at all the times:

Curd, milk, rice, pot filled with water, ripe food, mustard, sandal, mirror, fresh green grass (Durva- a kind of grass), conch shell, meat, fish, soil (wet), a bright yellow pigment prepared from urine of cow ( Gorochan), cow dung, cow, honey, idol of god, Veena (a musical instrument), fruit, seat of king, flower, black items used to decorate eyes (Anjan / Kajal / Surma), ornaments, hand weapon, beetle leaves, conveyance, palanquin (Palki - man carried conveyance), a covered pot or box to keep medicine or wine (Sharavsanput) , flag, parasol (Chhatra), hand fan, clothes, lotus, pot ( Kakash), glowing fire, elephant, goats, drums, device to control elephant (Ankush), tail of animal used to whisk flies (Chaamar), gems, gold, silver, copper, herd of tied animals or an animal whose legs are tied, medicine, drink, tree with fruit, fresh vegetables.


A sparkle without smoke, ash, fuel-wood-cow dug cake (Upla), rope, mud, device used to make powder by hammering action (Tilkuta), cotton, husk (Tush), bones, opened hair (untied hair), black item, iron, bark of a tree (Valkal), skin of a tree, black sesame (Til) or black pulse, stone, stool, snake, medicine, oil, raw sugar, boneless meat, empty or broken utensil, salt, dry grass, butter milk, wood, iron chain, rain & wind.


Sight of the following persons is auspicious: a king, happy Brahmin, prostitute, virgin girl, gentle person, well dressed person sitting on a horse or ox, a fair complexion lady in white dress & wearing white garland on her fore head; a pious Brahmin wearing white clothes-sandal & flowers-having properly fed & having received donations, reciting Mantras; a lady with a man or either of them having fruit in his or her hands- seen in front; a child saying something on his own; a beautiful person, person dressed in white clothes-wearing white garland, speaking sweetly if is found coming from front or right side during journey or at the time of entrance- it is an auspicious omen.

A person doing vomiting; hair-less or clean shaved head; having any body part severed; naked; lowest cast; body part oiled; ill; dirty; angry, drunkard; having long hair (Jatadhari); quarrelsome; having black complexion; opened hair; sitting on a camel / ass / buffalo; loudly weeping; eunuch; ascetic; a lady wearing black clothes & black garland on her fore-head; a lady having menstruation; pregnant woman.
N B : words in itelics are corresponding words in sanskrit / hindi.

Monday, November 07, 2005



Vedic electional astrology has no reference of Rahu Kaal,. Yet it is feared the most in elections resulting colossal waste of time. Its duration on weekdays is incorrectly conveyed by newspapers & Indian ephemerides.

In Indian astrology the most misused & misguided is certainly “Rahu Kaal”. It is specific 1/8th daytime part of the weekdays which is assumed to be ruled by Rahu – the Lunar Node. It is not effective during nighttime.

In southern part of India it is assumed to be highly malefic that people residing in that part do not initiate any activity even it may be most trifling, what to talk about the important life activity. They do not initiate any activity during this period, & wait for its expiry. Thus colossal time is wasted in this superstition.

Most of the news papers published in southern India do mention duration covered by Rahu Kaal along with Yamghanta Kaal, on the top of their front page for guidance of their readers. The people do follow the said time blindly without knowing about the same - this is opined as the worst misguidance by the astrologers to their followers.

Three aspects of Hindu / Vedic astrology the most exploited / misused are
a) Marriage compatibility (matching of horoscopes of prospective couple)
b) Kaal Sarp Yoga – its interpretation in nativity and its propitiation, &
c) Rahu Kaal (Rahu Kaalam) in electional astrology.

On examination of compatibility in marriage of aspirant couples, exponents have dilated in lengths in their treatises. Yet of late astrologers have infused an element called “ Kuja Dosha”- (affliction due to Mars; on which there are divergent opinions). However, this is not the topic under discussion in this paper. Those readers who desire to study the subject in length may refer to author’s book titled “ Hindu Electional Astrology”. They may also log on to website ““, & can have free down load of 52 pages of the book, dilating on “Matching of horoscopes”.

Regarding “Kaal Sarp Yoga” there has been illuminating discussions on the subject now-a-days on the Indian TV channels. Shri K N Rao, an authority on Indian Astrology & author of over three dozen books on Indian astrology, has made laudable efforts in dispelling doubts of the millions of the innocent believers of Indian astrology, that there is no reference of the so called “Kaal Sarp Yoga” in treatises on the subject. Of late some astrologers have culled out this yoga from remote references in the treatises. He has explicitly pointed out that there is no authoritative treatise / book on Indian / Vedic astrology having made a reference to this yoga, & one may not fear if he is having this Yoga in his horoscope. Despite this some astrologers have been propagating ill effects of this Yoga perhaps to seek huge sum of money for its propitiation.

Such a debate not only dispels doubts in the minds of innocent followers of astrology but renders applaudable service to the mankind, as myths & superstitions / mischievousness propagated by exploiters / novices are brought to the light; & astrology which has withstood test of time, is saved from disrepute.

Any how, the said Kaal Sarp Yoga has been found having indirect reference in our electional treatises like Narpatijacharya, Jyotirvidhabharnam, Samarsaar, - where it has been referred that the planets in 13 asterisms (from the asterism occupied by Rahu, to Ketu) yet to be transited by Rahu, in His retrograde motion, as in “Mrit Paksha” (dead side), & when both the luminaries are in the said Mrit Pakhsa, yield adverse results in war, travel & litigation & the like elections. When luminaries loose their efficacy being in the said Mrit Pakhsa, then, why not when all the planets in the said Paksha should loose their potency – can be an argument in its favour. But please note the said aspect has been referred to in the electional astrology, & not in interpretation of nativity.

In Indian astrology, nativity, horary & electional are separate subjects, & have separate treatises on each subject & distinct exponents on each subject. And not like western astrology where electional astrology is basically derived from horary astrology.

The third, aspect, Rahu Kaal, is the most misunderstood aspect in the electional astrology. How many millions of hours are wasted in fear of the time covered by this electional aspect every day is rather beyond imagination. The author has found on numerous occasions that followers of this myth withhold initiation of ceremonies, writing letters, start meetings, travel, purchase / sale etc etc; you name anything. Rather one enters into state of no action during this duration.


Length of Rahu Kaal (as being followed) is 1/8th part (Yamardha) of daytime length. Daytime at the specific place of consideration is length of time from local Sunrise to Sunset. On different weekdays different portions of the daytime are allocated to Rahu Kaal. 2nd Yamardha on Monday, 3rd on Satrurday, 4th on Friday, 5th on Wednesday, 6th on Thursday, 7th on Tuesday, & 8th (last) on Sunday are called Rahu Kaal.

2nd Yamardha on Monday means that after expiry of the first 1/8th part of the daytime, after the local Sunrise, Rahu Kaal starts, & ends at expiry of the second 1/8th part of the local daytime.

Thus if duration of daytime is 12 hours on a specific day at specific locality, & local Sunrise time is at 6.00 S.T. & the Sunset time is 18.00 S.T; duration of the daytime shall be 12 hours. Thus on different weekdays the Rahu Kaal shall be prevailing as following :
Monday : from 07.30 to 09.00 S.T
Saturday : from 09.00 to 10.30 S.T
Friday : from 10.30 to 12.00 S.T
Wednesday : from 12.00 to 13.30 S.T
Thursday : from 13.30 to 15.00 S.T
Tuesday : from 15.00 to 16.30 S.T
Sunday : from 16.30 to 18.00 S.T

The above system is followed by the newspapers & duration of the Rahu Kaal is published for guidance of the users. Local ephemrides also refer the same.


The advisors do take fixed duration of the Rahu Kaal as 1 hour & 30 minutes irrespective of the daytime length. They do not calculate this time based on local daytime length. Thus error creeps in & people are misguided. Why proportional length of the daytime length is to be taken, is argued as below :

a) In all the malefic durations due to Gulika, Kulika, Mandi, Muhurt, Vish Ghati etc. with reference to weekdays; calculations are based on length of daytime.

b) Rahu Kaal does not have any effect after the local Sunset time; it is primarily a phenomenon during daytime (even if one has to assume its adverse effects).

c) If duration of daytime on a specific place & weekday is less than 12 hours then, the Rahu Kaal shall extend beyond the local Sunset time. Kindly note that malefic durations of an element of an a daytime nowhere ingresses into nighttime, as their effect ceases to exist after the Sunset; & different set of malefic durations prevail after the Sunset time.

d) Each of the seven planets have their own Upagrahas (sub planets). Kaal, Paridhi, Kantaka (Dhooma), Ardhayama, Yamaghanta, Kodanda & Gulika are Upagrahas of planets counted from the Sun to Saturn. They rule different parts of Yamardhas (1/8th part) of daytime & nighttime. Classical books on electional astrology give their ruling durations during daytime & nighttime. Further during nighttime different Upgrahas rule & during daytime different Upgrahas rule. None of these durations during daytime ingresses nighttime.


From the above arguments its clear that the present mode of reckoning Rahu Kaal needs amendment & proportional time based on length of local daytime should be considered, if one has to consider Rahu Kaal.

Example: Rahu Kaal on a Friday having length of daytime as 11h 20m at a place where the Sun rise is at 05h 20m S.T. shall be:
Duration of the Rahu Kaal = (11h 20m) ÷ 8 = 1h 25m
(1/8th part of the day )
Staring moment = (Sun rise time) + (time of expired Yamardhas )
of Rahu Kaal
= ( 05h 20m ) + {( 11h 20m ) × ( 4 –1) ÷ 8}
= ( 05h 20m )+ ( 4h 15m ) = 09h 35m S.T.

Ending moment = (09h 35m )+(1h 25m ) = 11h 00m S.T.

Thus Rahu Kaal shall prevail from 09.35 S.T. to 11.00 S.T. & not from 09.50 to 11.20 S.T.
(as advised in local newspapers & almanacs).


In the electional treatises each of the seven planets viz. the Sun to Saturn have their Upgrahas (sub planets), & have been allocated their durations during daytime & nighttime separately. But Paat & Upketu which are Upagrahas of Rahu & Ketu (Lunar Nodes) respectively, are not allocated any time during daytime or nighttime. Then why Rahu Kaal – a malefic duration has been subsequently felt to be inducted in electional astrology – which has no reference in treatises.

Mandi & Gulika, both are sons of Saturn & are considered as highly malefic, & their maleficence is compared to that of the Saturn. They are given due importance in natal, horary & electional astrology. Their rising times are considered as highly malefic. Electional treatises do recognise them. Their durations are different from the duration given to Rahu Kaal. They are effective during daytime as well as during nighttime also, but the new element of Rahu Kaal is effective during daytime only – with ruling durations distinct from Mandi & Gulika.

Rahu is given significant importance in the elections of travel, war, litigations, & the like activities. But they are considered in altogether different mode like Jeeva & Mrit Paksha (positions of luminaries in between Rahu & Ketu), Maas Rahu (directions ruled based on Lunar month), Pathik Rahu (dispositions of the luminaries in four sets of asterisms), Khanda Rahu (residence of Rahu in different directions based on the Tithi – Lunar day), Vaar Rahu (directions ruled by Rahu on different weekdays), Yamardha Rahu (directions ruled by Rahu during daytime & nighttime), & Muhurt Rahu (directions ruled by Rahu during different Muhurtas). But nowhere reference of Rahu Kaal has been found in the treatises.

From the above, readers shall draw their own conclusions as to how much misguidance has been provided to them by induction of so called Rahu Kaal. Why to fear from such an element. Why to stop routine & special activities during its currency; & If some self styled innovative astrologers have to be followed then, why not follow its proportional length during daytime.

Aspirants may seek malefic time in election somewhere else & not as attribution of Rahu Kaal.


Those aspirants still desire to follow Rahu Kaal, but want to know the exact duration on a specific weekday may log on to website

On the home page they may click
“ Elections for you – your Muhurtas”

Thereafter may click to any of the cities mentioned there viz, Delhi , Mumbai, Kotkatta, Hyderabad , Banglore.
Thereafter fill in local time of the Sunrise & Sunset against the desired weekday, ignoring entry against under the date
They shall automatically get starting & ending moments of Rahu Kaal for that weekday.

In addition to Rahu Kaal they shall also get starting & ending moments of Yamghanyta Kaal, Abhijin Muhurt & Gulika Kaal.
If they fill in dates & corresponding Sunrise & Sunset timings on various dates , they can take a printout for their records, & can plan their elections / activities accordingly.

The data has been fed for some specific dates & weekdays, which can be used profitably for any other place, but aspirants shall have to fill in local Sunrise & Sunset timings against the desired weekday.

N.B. Anybody may freely print this article on his website or in his news letter provided this courtesy notice and the author name & URL remain intact.